Herbal Cosmetics for Hair



  • Liquid, creamy or gel-like
  • Ideal Properties:
    • Cleansing of hair without leaving the hair greasy & dry.
    • Not produce irritation in eye, Contain an effective germicide, fungicide or antiseptic, Easy to remove.
    • Reduce the degree of itching, scaling and inflammation

Ingredients use in shampoos:

  1. Surfactants:
  1. Anionic surfactants superior foaming properties and low cost E.g  Alkyl benzene sulphonates
  2. Cationic surfactants– They produce good foam, leave hair lustrous and have good. E.g. Cetyl pyridinum salts
  3. Amphoteric surfactants-E.g. n-alkyl amino acids

All surfactants should possess good cleansing and foaming properties

B) Conditioning agent: Mineral oil, lanolin

C) Viscosity modifiers: NaCl, Natural gums

  • Responsible for thickening of shampoo

D) Opacifying agents: TiO2

E) Sequestering agent: EDTA

F) Preservatives: Methyl/propyl parabens

G) Perfumes: q.s

H) Antimicrobials- Thymol

Classified according to function as:

  • Protein shampoo
  • Anti dandruff shampoo
  • Conditioning shampoo

Protein shampoo(Himalaya)

Contents Weight
Acacia concinna (shikakai) 47.60 mg
Vetiveria zizanioids (ushira) 6.95 mg
Nardostachys jatamansi (musk root) 6.95 mg
Sapindus mukorossi (soap nut) 2.08 mg
Trigonella foenum-gracum (fenugreek) 2.08 mg
Water up to 1 ml



  • Shikakai and ushira- soften the hair
  • Musk roof- promotes hair growth
  • Soapnut- hair from excessive oil secretion, dirt, dust
  • Fenugreek- provide natural proteins

Anti-dandruff shampoo

E.g. Ayush antidandruff shampoo:

Contents Weight
Rosmarinus officinalis (rusmari) 103 mg
Azadirachta indica (neem) 5.15 mg
Ocimum sanctum (tulsi) 5.15 mg
Acacia concinna (shikakai) 5.15 mg
Phylsanthus emblica (amla) 5.15 mg
Lawsonia inermis (henna) 5.15 mg
Water up to 5 ml


Significance of each extract:

  • Rusmari– destroys dandruff
  • Neem– protects from germs
  • Tulsi– protects from germs
  • Shikakai– cleanses and conditions hair
  • Amla– strengtns hair,
  • Henna– provides rich and healthy shine


Conditioning shampoo

  • To enhance untangling of wet hair and improve manageability of both wet and hair.

Formulation of conditioning shampoo :

Contents Weight
Cicer arietinum (Chick pea) 60 mg
Sapindus mukorossi (Ritha) 60 mg
Jasminum officinale (Jasmine) 40 mg
Eclipta alba (Thistle) 15 mg



Hair dye should possess following characteristics:

  • It should be non-injurious to the hair shaft
  • It should possess no systemic toxic effect or irritation when applied to the hair
  • It should have affinity for hair keratin

Some herbs used to color the hair include:

  • Eclipta alba: Whole plant extract is useful for hair nourishment and dyeing
  • Juglans regia:Leaves and haul of fruits for hair dyeing
  • Lawsonia inermis (henna),
  • Acacia katechu,
  • Emblica officinalis (amla)
  • Tea leaves

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Nirbhay Patel

Business Manager - Sanofi India
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