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Dietary Supplements

Neutraceuticals refers to extracts of foods claimed to have a medicinal effect on human health.

  • The neutraceuticals is usually contained in a medicinal format such as a capsule, tablet or powder in a prescribed dose.
  • Functional foods, type of neutraceuticals, are defined as being consumed as part of a usual diet but are demonstrated to have physiological benefits and/or reduce the risk of chronic disease beyond basic nutritional functions.
  • Examples are flavonoids, antioxidants, alpha linoleic acid from flax seeds, beta-carotene from marigold petals, anthocyanins from berries, etc.

 

  • Dietary Supplements
  • With the US Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA), several other compounds were added to the list of supplements originally mentioned in FDA notification.
  • Thus, many botanical and herbal extracts such as ginseng, garlic oil, etc. have been developed as dietary supplements
  • Dietary supplements are often used in nutrient premixes or nutrient system in the food and pharmaceutical industries.
  • Very few of these products, however, have sufficient scientific evidence proving health benefits to consumers.

 

Dietary Supplement Drugs

Astragalus

  • Biological Source: It is the dried gummy exudation obtained by incision from stems and branches of Astragalus gummifer and other species of Astragalus, belonging to Family: Leguminosae.
  • Chemical Constituents:mWater soluble tragacanthin 8-10%, Water insoluble bassorin 60-70%,
  • Gum is responsible for its viscosity
  • Products of hydrolysis are galactouronic acid, D-galatopyranose, L- arabino-rhamnose and D- xylopyranose.
  • Astragalus has no known harmful side-effects.

 

Black Cohosh

  • Biological Source: It is the compound leaves from the rhizomes of the plant Cimicifuga racemes, belonging to Family: Rananculaceae
  • Chemical Constituents: Flavanoids (isoflavone-biochanin), Kaempferol glycoside, Triterpene glycoside, Terpenoids (cimigoside, actein, cimiracemoside A), Various organic acids (isoferulic acid, caffeic acid, fukiic acid, piscidic acid)

 

Evening Primrose Oil

  • Biological Source: Evening primrose oil is a dietary supplement derived from the seeds of the evening primrose plant Oenothera biennis, belonging to Family: Onagraceae.
  • Chemical Constituents: Linoleic acid 72%, Gamma-linolenic acid 9%, both are essential in the formation of prostaglandins.

 

Grape Seed

  • Biological Source: Grape seed oil is a vegetable oil pressed from the seeds of various varieties of Vitis, i.e. Vitis vinifera, belonging to Family Vitaceae.
  • Chemical constituents: 0.8 to 1.5% unsaponifiables rich in phenols (tocopherols, Steroids (campesterol, beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol), Small amounts of vitamin E, Many fatty acids like palmitic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, etc.

 

Green Tea

  • Biological Source: It is the leaves and flower buds obtained from Camellia sinensis, belonging to Family Theaceae.
  • Chemical Constituents: Caffeine 1-3%, Theobromine, Theophylline, Color due to gallotannic acid 15%, Enzymatic mixture thease.

 

Almonds

  • Biological Source: It is seed obtained from plant Prunus dulcis, belonging to the family Rosaceae.
  • Chemical Constituents: Amygdalin, Betulinic acids, Oleanic acids, Ursolic acids, Quercetin, isorhamnetin, quercitin, kaempferol, and morin

 

Asparagus

  • Biological Source: It is the tuber (root) obtained from the plant Asparagus officinalis, belonging to Family Liliaceae.
  • Chemical Constituents: Officinalisins I and II, Beta-sitosterol, Steroidal glycosides (asparagosides A to I), Asparagus acid

 

Alfalfa

  • Biological Source: It is the flowering plant of Medicago sativa, belonging to Family Fabaceae.
  • Chemical Constituents: Steroidal saponins fraction (soyasapogenols, hederagenin, medicagenic acid), Toxic amino acid L-canavanine, stachydrine and l-homo-stachydrine

 

Peanut

  • Biological Source: It is the kernel of one or more cultivated varieties of Arachis hypogaea, belonging to Family: Leguminosae.
  • Chemical constituents: Lycerides of oleic acid, linolenic acid, Seed coat contains catechol and leuco-anthocyanide with vitamin P properties, Essential amino acids

 

Beet Root


  • Biological Source: It is the root obtained from the plant of Beta vulgaris, belonging to Family: Chenopodiaceae.
  • Chemical constituents: Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Betaine, Contains minerals and Dietary fibers.

 

 

June 24, 2011

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